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Canaima_LagoonKanaima or Canaima, voice of the indigenous group "Pemón" Caribbean Amerindian groups inhabiting this area, have been named one of the most important National Parks of the earth.

Canaima The word derives from spiritual beings that exist in this "present world", which through the magic have introduced discord, deceit and diseases to man and finally death.

For them living in the clouds and the "Tepuyes" as amesetados called the high hills that are part of the peculiar geography.

Kanaima Pemon is because for the principle of all evil, curious meaning for the name of a national park is far from that.

On the contrary, this scenario where the park sits, is undoubtedly one of the most extraordinary scenic beauty of the planet, where scientists attribute to be the oldest geological formation of the earth and is blamed for between 1,500 and 2,100 million years of existence.

Canaima National Park, was declared "National Park" on June 12, 1962 only 7 years after the Camp canaima was buildt , and registered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature, World Heritage of Humanity since 1994 and approved as such by UNESCO.

Area:
3,000,000. hectares.
It stands on the plateau of Guiana and in turn on the geological shield of the same name, considered the formation of the oldest metamorphic rocks of the earth.

Age:
Between 1,500 and 2,100 million years, with mountainous outcrops amesetados called Tepuyes. "

The landscape is dominated by two major configurations: the impenetrable dense forest, characteristic of the Guiana Shield in the western area and the stunning Gran Sabana in the eastern sector.

It has the highest waterfall in the world (karepakupai-vein), known as Churum merú or "Salto Angel" with 1,000 meters of free fall from the hill Auyantepuy.

Planta_endimica

Vegetation:
This covered by grasslands, tropical wet forest morichales.

More than 6,000 plant species are present in the National Park of which are about 500 species of orchids.

Wildlife:
The fauna is very diverse, but not very abundant. There are about 150 species of mammals, 550 birds, 72 reptiles and 55 amphibians.

Hydrology:
The abundance of water that are born and run through the park, is such that form an artificial lake of 3919 square kilometers and leading to the second largest hydroelectric dam in the world: The Guri dam, with a production of 10,000 megawatts of electricity.

Housing, food and crafts of the Pemón:

Casa_Pemon

Housing:
The size varies considerably Pemon villages, while some are made up of a single family of 13 people about six other host families can have an average of 50 members.

If conditions permit, Pemon, prefer to build their homes near a river.

The typical house is constructed pemón adobe walls, which support a roof covered with palm leaves, carefully interspersed to prevent leaks during the rainy season.
There are some houses in a circle and usually undivided in its interior.

In Canaima, the Pemon settled in the area, have been introduced for the construction of other, more modern homes, as are concrete blocks, rebar, etc. and even have changed the structure of housing, adding divisions to the same inside, identifying specific areas: rooms, kitchen, living room or receipt, etc.

Food and culture:
For thousands of years, have cultivated their land Pemon to meet their food needs.
They practice shifting cultivation, where they grow cassava, which prepared the cassava (Indian bread).
They also prepare a spicy called "Cumache", which along with fish, is the basis of their diet.
Also know the art of processing cassava fermented drinks and Paracari Cachiri calls.

Other food sources include peppers grown, mapuey, sweet potato, taro, bananas, pineapple, etc.

indian

Crafts:
Modern participation in tourism while working their craft.

The Pemon also take advantage of environmental resources for timber, fiber and clay, which together with the production of cotton, provides the raw material needed to produce an extraordinary craft, oars or paddles, a variety of baskets, beds or hammocks, pottery, carved animal figures, etc.

The native canoes called "curiosity", are used as means of transportation in hunting and fishing and as a vehicle for passenger excursions.

Realities - myths - and more culture

Written by :
Henrik Bratfeldt
 
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